Guide to choosing the right Vietnam War tour: Battle of Long Tan anniversary of tour

I was standing in the courtyard of a small temple in Long Phuoc, south-east of Saigon, in front of a gold statue, explaining to a small group of travellers that the man on the plinth became a hero of the Vietnam War by working out how to steal and recycle American anti-personnel mines for use against Allied troops.

I was unashamedly cribbing the story from a Vietnam Veterans' newsletter, in which I had seen a picture of the statue, when I noticed Tam, our official tour guide, and Trang, the local contact, looking concerned as they whispered conspiratorially. When I finished, Tam sidled up to me.

"This is the wrong hero," he said with an apologetic smile. "This hero fought in the French war, not the American war." Trang nodded. He'd been a friend of her grandfather's and died before what we call the Vietnam War even started.

And there, in a nutshell, was why every package tour needs local knowledge to back up imported 'expert' information. The alleged experts on this, the inaugural "Tunnel Rats" tour, were me and co-author Sandy MacGregor. As a young captain in 1965, Sandy and his men discovered the Vietcong tunnel systems in Cu Chi and we have now written several books based on their adventures.

But I should have checked my facts. So much gets lost in translation in the tourist game. Guide books are instantly out of date, and misinformation, myth and unreliable observations are etched permanently on the internet.

And then there is the stuff that is left out. You could travel the length and breadth of the former Phuoc Tuy province – the Australian Army's operations zone south-east of Saigon – and, apart from the cross at Long Tan, see no mention that Aussies were ever there.

And that's why you might choose a military history tour rather than a standard day trip. It's also why a good tour guide can make the difference between an OK holiday and an unforgettable experience. But how do you choose?

Basically, the cheaper the tour, the more people that are likely to be on it and the less personal the service. If you want to be herded around with 50 other travellers, stopping only to eat lowest common denominator versions of western comfort food, by all means take the budget option.

If you want a special experience, do your homework and be prepared to pay a bit more. If you wait until you get there before you book your tours – and there are plenty on offer – ask the right questions.

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How many people are going to be on the day tour? Are you going to be taken to souvenir shops and restaurants where the guide will get commission on everything you buy? Can you change the itinerary along the way if you see something more interesting? How good is the guide's English (hopefully a lot better that your attempts at the local lingo).

In Vietnam, you will be expected to tip tour guides $5 per guest per day, so you are entitled to make sure you are getting what you want. Just tell the tour guide what you are looking for.

You want to visit both areas of Cu Chi tunnels (some guides will tell you they're exactly the same but they're not). You want to go up to Cu Chi and back to Saigon by river rather than bus. You want to eat authentic local food (or not). You want to go shopping in a real market, not a tourist haunt.

For the militarily minded, you want to go into the Vietcong cave headquarters in the Long Hai mountains and see the concert bowl at the Nui Dat bases where Little Pattie played the night before a platoon of diggers bumped into a massive Vietcong army at Long Tan.

It took me a couple of trips to Vietnam to discover all the relevant sites to which I later took tourists. So how did I cross the line from tourist to tour leader? Researching our first Tunnel Rats book, I'd been to the places where Australian sappers (army engineers) had been stationed and it had occurred to me that this might make the basis for an informal tour.

Sandy could tell the stories that didn't get into the book and I would look after the day-to-day stuff. Insider Journeys (formerly TravelIndochina) worked out the logistics for us and provided the never less than excellent Tam as our tour guide.

The ten guests on our first trip were quite a mixture: two twentysomethings who'd never been out of Australia, their dad, a Digger who'd served during the Vietnam War but had never made it to Phuoc Tuy, a couple in their 60s whose friends and family had begged them not to take such an arduous trip, two keen hiking mates, and an old friend of Sandy's – an intrepid septuagenarian lady who took the daily adventure in her stride.

Also along for the ride was author and journalist Mark Dapin, there to write a profile of Sandy and about to start work on Nashos – his history of National Servicemen in the war which has just been shortlisted for the Premiers literary awards – and then his current novel "R&R", set in the party town of Vung Tau.

Thanks to our local guides, we saw even more than we had planned, including Vietcong caves that one guide had said we wouldn't be able to explore, and an amazing military museum in Vung Tau created by a millionaire expat Brit, that wasn't in any guidebook.

In Saigon, our impromptu walking tour from the hotel, through a park to the "backpacker" area included encounters with ballroom dancers in the park and chatty locals who simply wanted to practise their English. Our decision to divide the group between those who wanted to try street food and others who preferred a sit-down restaurant worked well for both lots and provided plenty of fodder for discussions later.

Thankfully, rather than being alarmed by our "informal" approach to schedules, everybody seemed excited by the sense of adventure. I encouraged people to step out of their comfort zones. Whether it's cajoling them into heading down a tunnel or trying a local delicacy that they're wary of, I realised I wasn't doing anyone any favours by reinforcing their fears and phobias.

The last tour I took – and I have now done four – the only people who got upset tummies were the couple who insisted on eating Western food. And I'll never forget the cry of one older guest: "I don't like Asian food – can't we go to a Chinese restaurant?"

Real travel doesn't fit neatly into fixed agendas and schedules. Even when you are in charge of a group, it's about going with the flow and grabbing opportunities as and when they arise. The secret is to meet and surpass travellers' expectations.

Oh, and there was a sequel to the "wrong hero" story. A few months later Mark Dapin returned to Vung Tau to further research R&R and was in a bar telling an Aussie expat about the idiot tour leader and the wrong statue.

"Stop. Stop," his drinking buddy wailed. It turned out he was the one who had written the erroneous story in the newsletter. See, what he'd really needed was a good tour guide.

Jimmy Thomson and Sandy MacGregor have co-written two books about Australian sappers in Vietnam, Tunnel Rats and A Sappers' War, both published by Allen and Unwin. Their latest, Tunnel Rats vs the Taliban (also A&U) was published last year.

Jimmy is organising a readers and writers tour of Vietnam, looking beyond the war at the natural wonders, the people, the food and the culture there, for later this year (see mildrover.com).

Sandy is leading a special Long Tan anniversary tour in August (based on an itinerary devised by Jimmy). Go tobattlefieldhistorytours.com.au.

SEVEN SIGNS YOU HAVE A GREAT TOUR GUIDE

1. They have genuine local knowledge. They are not just reading from the same edition of Lonely Planet as you are.

2. Good communication skills. It's not just knowing English, they need to be able to express themselves.

3. Flexibility. They should appreciate what it is your group is really looking for and be prepared to add elements to or even remove some from your itinerary.

4. Kickback conscious. Local tour guides are going to get commission on most crafts you buy and free meals at most restaurants you visit anyway. So you want a guide who will take you to the best places – not just the ones that reward them most.

5. Friendliness. You are going to spend a lot of time with these men and women so you want them to be approachable and open to answering questions about their lives and their families.

6. Travel savvy. You want them to appreciate that for a lot of people, travelling is not a box-ticking exercise and guests don't always want to hear a recitation of a spiel that has been delivered a thousand times before. A good guide will tailor their explanations to suit the interests of their group.

7. Resourceful. If things go wrong you want your tour guide to know who to call and what to do. Solo operators often don't have the backup that even small independent tour companies can provide.

TRIP NOTES

GETTING THERE

Vietnam Airlines fly direct to Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon) daily.

STAYING THERE

There is a huge range of hotels in Ho Chi Mihn City (Saigon). We favour Liberty Central, a 3-4 star hotel near Ben Than Market (odysseahotels.com/saigon-centre-hotel). Rooms are from $120 a night right now. For something more upmarket, the Sofitel Plaza is good value from just under $200 a night.

SEE + DO

Insider Journeys (insiderjourneys.com.au) specialises in small group tailored tours of varying lengths covering the whole of Vietnam.

Full-on military history tours can be booked through organisations like Matt McLachlan's Battlefield Tours led by Vietnam War expert Gary McKay and, of course, Sandy MacGregor's Long Tan tour (see above).

Jimmy Thomson participated in the Tunnel Rats tours at his own expense. He is organising a less military "readers and writers tour" of Vietnam for later this year. Go to www.mildrover.com.au

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