Travel and coronavirus: How COVID-19 has destroyed global aviation

New figures have laid bare the unprecedented collapse of global aviation, with air capacity down by almost 60 per cent in Western Europe and more than 40 per cent in most other regions. 

The travel analyst OAG tracks the number of available seats for every country and airline on the planet. Globally, capacity has been cut by 35 per cent. But with many airlines flying with thousands of empty seats, the decline in actual passenger numbers is likely to be far higher. Furthermore, the decline shows no sign of slowing, with restrictions on movement and flight bans fast becoming the norm.

Until recently, China and its neighbours were the worst affected destinations. In the week commencing January 20, 16,882,726 seats were offered on flights to and from the world's most populous country. This week the figure is 9,205,256, a fall of 45.5 per cent. While dramatically lower, this actually represents a significant rally after a weekly low of 4,690,056 seats in mid-February. 

Other countries in the region, many of which rely heavily on Chinese tourism, have seen similar drops. Japan has seen capacity cut by 27.9 per cent, for example, while Vietnam has suffered a drop of 60.6 per cent. 

Now, however, Europe is bearing the brunt. Capacity on air services to and from the UK has fallen by 44.7 per cent, Spain is down 67.4 per cent, Germany 67.8 per cent, and Italy 87.1 per cent.   

A snapshot of the skies above Europe one month ago.

A snapshot of the skies above Europe one month ago. Photo: flightradar24

In terms of airlines, OAG's figures present few surprises. Dwindling demand has seen carriers have been forced to ground hundreds of planes, with Ryanair cutting its available seats from 2,522,583 for the week commencing March 9 to just 276,696 this week - a fall of 88.7 per cent. For British Airways the figure is 58.1 per cent.

According to John Grant, senior analyst at OAG, the scale of the global aviation shutdown is unprecedented. "This has never been seen before, and the impact not just on aviation but global trade will be immense," he said. "Furthermore, it has the potential to go deeper before any shoots of recovery appear. It's really a matter of time for some markets that are less impacted to see the same results as we are now seeing in Europe." For many airlines, he added, collapse could be "weeks away". 

A snapshot of the skies above Europe now.

A snapshot of the skies above Europe now. Photo: flightradar24


How air capacity has fallen in 10 key countries

UAE -75.2%

Spain -68.9%

South Korea -68.9%

Germany -67.8%

China -45.5%

UK -44.7%

Brazil -30.5%

Japan -27.9%

Australia -23.1%

Mexico -12.5%

The upside of coronavirus

Environmentalists have got their wish - we've all gone flight free. And a 35 per cent cut in air capacity translates to a global daily reduction of around one million tonnes of CO2.  

The Telegraph, London

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See also: Where have all the planes gone?